NCERT Grade 10-Periodic Classification of Elements-Questions

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Periodic Classification of Elements

Exercise 1

1.    Which of the following statements is not correct statement about the trends when going from left to right across the periods of Periodic Table?

(a) The elements become less metallic in nature.

(b) The number of valance electrons increases.

(c) The atoms lose their electrons more easily.

(d) The oxides becomes more acidic.

2.    Element X forms a chloride with the formula XCl2 which is a solid with a high melting point. X would most likely be in the same group of the Periodic Tableas

(a) Na                 (b) Mg                   (c) Al                         (d) Si

3.    Which element has

(a) Two cells, both of which are completely filled with electrons?

(b) The electronic configuration 2, 8, 2 ?

(c) A total of three shells, with four electrons in its valance shell?

(d) Twice as many electrons in its second shell as in its first shell?

4.    (a) What property do all elements in the same column of the Periodic Table as boron have in common?

(b) What property do all elements in the same column of the Periodic Table as Fluorine have common?

5.    An atom has electronic configuration 2, 8, 7.

(a) What is the atomic number of this element?

(b)To which of the following elements would it be chemically similar?

(Atomic numbers are given in parentheses.)

N(7), F(9), P(15), Ar(18)

6.     The position of three elements A, B and C in the Periodic Table are shown below:

Group 16                               Group 17

    —-                                          —-

    —-                                           A

    —-                                          —-

     B                                              C

(a) State whether A is a metal or non-metal.

(b) State whether C is more reactive than A

(c) Will C be larger or smaller in size than B?

(d) Which type of ion, cation or anion, will be formed by element A?

7.     Nitrogen (atomic number 7) and phosphorus (atomic number 15) belong to group 15 of the Periodic Table. Write the electronic configuration of these two elements. Which of these will be more electronegative? Why?

8.    How does the electronic configuration of an atom relate to its position in the Modern Periodic Table?

9.    In the modern Periodic Table calcium (atomic number 20) is surrounded by elements with atomic number 12, 19, 21 and 38. Which of these have physical and chemical properties resembling calcium?

10.   Compare and contrast the arrangement of elements in Mendeleev’s Periodic Table and the Modern Periodic Table.

Exercise 2

11.    Did Dobereiner’s triads also exist in the columns of Newland’s Octaves? Compare and find out?

12.   What were the limitations of Dobereiner’s classification?

13.   What were the limitations of Newland’s law of octaves?

Exercise 3

14.   Use Mendeleev’s Periodic Table to predict the formulae for the oxides of the following elements:

K, C, Al, Si, Ba

15.   Besides gallium, which other elements have since been discovered that were left by Mendeleev in his Periodic Table? (any two)

16.   What were the criteria used by Mendeleev in creating his Periodic table?

Exercise 4

17.   How could the Modern Periodic table remove various anomalies of Mendeleev’s Periodic Table?

18.   Name two elements you would expect to show chemical reactions similar to
magnesium. What is the basis for your choice?

19.  Name:

(a) Three elements that have a single electron in their outermost shells.

(b) Two elements that have two electrons in their outermost shells.

(c) Three elements with filled outermost shells.

20.   (a) Lithium, sodium and potassium are all metals that react with water to liberate hydrogen gas. Is there any similarity in the atoms of these elements?

(b) Helium is an un-reactive gas and neon is a gas of extremely low reactivity. What, if anything, do their atoms have in common?

21.  In the Modern Periodic Table, which are the metals among the first ten elements?

22.  By considering their position in the Periodic Table, which one of the following  elements would you expect to have maximum metallic characteristic?

Ga, Ge, As, Se, Be

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