- Step out of your cage
- And onto the stage
- It’s time to start
- Playing your part
- Freedom awaits
- Open the gates
- Open your mind
- Freedom’s a state
India is celebrating its 69th Independence Day on Saturday, 15th August 2015. The preparation for celebrations have spurred excitement, joy and fun all over the country.
The tricolor flag will be hoisted by PM Narendra Modi at the Red Fort, New Delhi, followed by an address to the nation, tributes to freedom fighters, army men and cultural events.
History of Indian Independence:
The British came to India in the 16th century with an intention of trade, but established themselves as rulers by occupying the local kingdoms. Slowly they gained the control over entire Indian sub-continent and became the dominant power to rule India by 18th century. The struggle for freedom started early in 1857, with British calling it The Great Indian Rebellion and Indians calling it The First War of Indian Independence. web desgin companies in kakinadaweb desgin companies in rajahmundryweb desgin companies in vizag
The rebellion resulted in the dismissal of company rule after which, India came under the rule of British crown, marking the beginning of British Raj.
The British Raj did end on 15th August, 1947, when the last viceroy of India, Mountbatten transferred the powers of self-governance to people of India. Jawaharlal Nehru, took over the office as the First Prime Minister of India, and viceroy Mountbatten continued as independent India’s first governor general.
The immediate cause of Independence – The truth untold
The struggle for Indian independence is an open book. So much is written and told. The legacy of freedom struggle, will definitely wet the eyes of every Indian. The sacrifices made for making India, a free and Independent Nation is countless.
But, the reasons on which British government decided to transfer the power to Indians were different. Though England won the Second World War, the after effects of war were so profound. It led to the resignation of Winston Churchill followed by elections in 1945. The main focus of people in England was social reform. The English people, tired of colonization, forced the return of their beloved army men, gave importance to social reforms and development of England which was based on the idea of a welfare state.
The labor party which campaigned under the theme “Let Us Face The Future”, won the elections, with Clement Richard Attlee becoming the Prime Minister. It was the labour party’s foreign policy of decolonization which gave India its long awaited Independence.
Attlee kept his words when he announced in 1947 that, his government would grant India, its self-governance by June 1948 at the latest.
This resulted in passing of an act, The Indian Independence Act 1947 by Parliament of United Kingdom. The act was accepted in British parliament on 18th July 1947.
What happened after this is history. The aspirations of lakhs of Indians was fulfilled, the sacrifices made for it became fruitful, India was declared as an Independent nation on 15th August 1947.
15th August – Why Mountbatten chose the auspicious date for India?
15th August is a very important date for England too. The day is celebrated in U.K as an official V-J day, the Victory over Japan day or Victory in the Pacific Day [V-P day], as it is the day on which Japan surrendered, ending world war II in 1945.
When Attlee’s parliament accepted The Indian Independence Act, Mountbatten, the viceroy of British India at that time, convinced Attlee’s government to pass on the powers to India and Pakistan earlier than 1948 as the tension of communal conflict increased. On acceptance, Mountbatten chose August 15th which was historically important for his country, as the date of power transfer to India.
Independence: Why is it so important to nations?
“Caged birds accept each other, but flight is what they long for”
Along with the basic necessities like food, cloth, house and money, man also needs the right to live, to speak, to lead his life on his terms. These are described as human rights. Human rights are the rights of all human beings, irrespective of nationality, place of residence, language, status, religion or sex. These human rights is considered as universal and is guaranteed by law. The concept of universal human rights has its roots in freedom of individual.
When we consider a group of people, residing in a particular geographical area, they have their own customs, believes and practices, all influenced by many factors like geography, history, climate and economy. So, laws of human rights apply to these groups as well.
The problem starts when somebody barges into the territory of other people or group of people, whether a state or nation, with an intention to impose new laws, customs or practices. When a nation decides to take over the independence of the other nation, it poses a serious threat to humanity as it denies the people of the occupied nation, their human rights.
The new trend – Globalization
The American civil rights activist, humanitarian and leader of the nonviolent civil disobedience movement, had a revolutionary thought on independence and humanity. Here it is.
“If we have to have peace on earth, our loyalties must transcend our race, our tribe, our class and our nation. This means, we should develop a world perspective”
Martin Luther King
It is evident from the view of Martin Luther King that, it’s the time to think above one’s nationality, it’s time to think good for the entire human race.
The establishment of United Nations Organization after World War II, was one such effort meant to establish global peace.
Since then, the nations all over the world have tried to avoid war, tried to solve the issues by discussions, negotiation and other peaceful methods. There is an exchange of knowledge, technology, resources between the countries, trade relationships and other kinds of international relationships established between nations.
This is a good sign. We are now in a better world, a world of hopes, a world of freedom and independence and that, any individual on earth, has all the rights to pursue his dream and become all that he wants to be.