We celebrate our annual literacy day or Hindi Diwas on 14th September every year.  India, the land of many diversities, recognized its states based on linguistic diversity, rather than regional or cultural factors.  In this prospectus, observing Hindi diwas  as literacy day fires curiosity among the non hindi speakers.  Let us know more about Hindi, its choice as official language of Indian Government and its relation to literacy rate, on the eve of annual literacy day.
The Constitution of India declared Hindi in the Devanagari script as the official language of India on 14th September 1949.  It is also one of the 22 scheduled languages specified in Eight Schedule to the constitution in India.
When Vallabhbhai Patel integrated vast majority of princely states into what we know today as India, our leaders were keen to recognize, and establish opportunities for national integration. This was a time when the separatist movements were high, likes of Nehru and other national leaders were trying to integrate the country and countering the efforts of several colonists to replace English as India’s official language under bay.  National leaders pushed  Hindustani – Hindi as the national language.  Even Rajagopalachari was in favour of establishing Hindustani as our national language.  Nehru, the eternal democrat, proposed a  simplified version of Hindi,  which  South Indians could learn with ease. Website designers in vizag Website designers in rajahmundry Website designers in kakinada 
Eventually, after the 1965 protests in Tamilnadu, Lal Bahadur Shastri, the second prime minister of India,  himself an advocate of Hindi, permitted the use of English alongside Hindi for conducting business in India.  In addition, states were left free to conduct their business in the language of their choice.rajahmundry web designing company kakianda web designing company vizag web designing company
Apart from small tendencies, India is largely a united nation. While giving a specified status to Hindi, a national language made sense in post-partition India, and worked to establish a “common link” between all the states for national integration.  National integration is not about making the Tamil child learn Hindi or teaching Kannadigas to do the Dandiya.  National integration is about peaceful coexistence of culturally diverse communities.
Our languages may make us different from each other but they don’t separate us. Speaking in Hindi doesn’t make you more Indian or speaking your local language any less Indian.
Is the debate between regional language & Hindi debate justified?
But what does a Common man think of this issue? “It’s just a vote getting cheap-trick played by the local leaders, who wish to be at the national front.
The modern India, is even more diverse than it used to be.  Crossing the borders of states, we see people of all region and cultural, in almost all states of India now. It’s not one language they speak, they are now, multilinguistic and they like it.
The new India is not my India. State Governments of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu had insisted on putting up hoardings and billboards in the local language, instead of English or Hindi. Though these steps has created little trouble for the immigrants, it is necessary for the localites who know only their regional language.  Now, we see billboards, in all the three languages, in the order of regional, national and international languages. A good solution of course. Instead of wasting time debating about regional & Hindi dominance  it is better we understand the importance of co-operation and come out with sensible, strategic approaches to linguistic issues.
Role of Mother tongue:
Our mother tongues keep us rooted to our culture; they form a very integral part of our being.  Languages are something that connect to your ethnic community.  Learning national and international languages becomes equally important for the progress of the individual and state and opens up new opportunities for national and international interactions.  What is needed in this regard, is the sincere effort by states to introduce these languages at the right time into the school curriculum.
How many languages do you know?
As citizens of a India, which has profound linguistic diversity, one has a moral and legal responsibility to respect other languages. But one has to remember that, the choice of  language is human right in itself.  
What is your opinion about this?
How many languages do you know? Are you willing to learn a new language? If yes, which language would you like to learn?   
Languages are the doors to a new culture, region and religion. Limiting yourself to one language, can limit your knowledge. As said by Charlemagne,
“To learn a second language, is to have a second soul”

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